Enterprise Architecture

The Enterprise Architecture Standards are the result of years of international academic research and industry expert consensus on repeatable patterns that can be reused and replicated. The Enterprise Architecture Standards are packaged as ‘Reference Content’, and is both agnostic and vendor neutral. They have been specifically designed to be fully tailored to and implemented by any organization, both large and small, regardless of its various frameworks, methods, approaches, products, services and activities.

The Enterprise Architecture Standards are developed in the following ways:

  • Research and analyze what works – again and again (Best Practices) – and discover the unique aspects applied by leading organizations (Leading Practices).
  • Identify common and repeatable patterns which provide the basis for the Enterprise Standards.
  • Develop ‘Reference Content’ that increase the level of reusability and replication within the disciplines of Enterprise Modelling, Enterprise Engineering and Enterprise Architecture.
  • Extend with performance and value accelerators with unique aspects from the identified Best Practices and Leading Practices.

The Enterprise Architecture Standards consist of 16 different ‘Reference Content’ areas that are fully integrated with other frameworks, methods and approaches, such as TOGAF, META, FEAF, etc. This ensures full integration and standardization when applying the reference content into your organization, programs and/or projects, thereby having the ability to use our reference content across topics like strategy, capabilities, roles, and process, service and value aspects and technology as well as operational execution between them, creating a cross link throughout the Business, Information, and Technology layers.

Enterprise Architecture Reference Content


A view of the enterprise that separates design concerns of stakeholders into logical domains.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40001ALL


The holistic, analysis, description and representation of the capabilities, end‐to‐end value delivery, information, and organizational structure of the enterprise, and the relationships among these views, strategies, products, policies, initiatives, and stakeholders.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40002PGBCPSI


The view of the enterprise showing how value is created, and measured, the accountabilities for value, and how is delivered to stakeholders.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40003PG


The view of the business showing the transformation of inputs into outputs through the enterprise from their source to where they are finally consumed.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40004BP


Architecture based on an external view of the design components whereby the means by which requirements are met in independent of what the requirements are that are met. A service-oriented architecture may be applied at any layer.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40005BS


The view of the business describing the structure, and behavior of software applications used within an enterprise, focusing on how the components interact with each other, and with the enterprise’s data and with its stakeholders.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40006SAID


The view of how to organize the information assets of an enterprise to meet its purpose.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40007BCSAD


The view of the enterprise policies, rules or standards that govern which data is collected, and how it is stored, arranged, integrated, and put to use in its data systems.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40008SAI


The environment for building and running software applications, systems, and processes. This environment consists of the software toolsets for developing and operating customized and tailored application components, and services.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40009PL


Infrastructure is the hardware, and network elements across an enterprise, and the relationship between them. Infrastructure Architecture is the activity responsible for ensuring the technical systems, and infrastructure are designed to support business requirements.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40010IL


The means by which there is assurance that policies, and strategy are actually implemented, and that required processes are correctly followed. Governance includes defining roles, and responsibilities, measuring, and reporting, and taking actions to resolve any issues identified.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40011GO


A unified, and reproducible specification of the security controls that addresses the necessities, and potential risks involved in a certain scenario or environment.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40012CS


The specification of the components, and subcomponents required for the provision by the user of on-dem, and availability of computer system resources, including data storage (cloud storage), and computing power, without their direct, active, management.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40013CC


An approach to enterprise architecture that balances upfront planning and controls with flexible decision making.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40014ALL


The specification of the association of application, and technology components acquired in the marketplace, and how they can be assembled, and configured to constitute the enterprise’s technological infrastructure.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40015PLIN


A composite architecture is made up of packaged business capabilities built on a flexible data fabric. This allows the enterprise to respond to rapidly changing business needs. The “composable enterprise” supported by a composite architecture offers increased business resilience. This modular design enables organizations to “recompose” when needed, like during a global pandemic or economic recession.

The composable enterprise has four core principles:

  1. modularity,
  2. efficiency,
  3. continuous improvement, and
  4. adaptive innovation.

Although many organizations apply these principles in a piecemeal fashion, a composable enterprise applies all four across all parts of its organization — from business models to how employees work.

Standard Number: #LEAD-ES40016ALL

All LEADing Practice Enterprise Standards are also marked and protected with the official ((O))LEAD Trademark registered in the US and EU. See the following image of the ((O))LEAD Trademark.

LEADing Practice - LEAD Trademark


Get access to our Enterprise Standards to Drive Performance, Minimize Cost and Maximize Value.


Enterprise Engineering, Modelling and Architecture

With our extensive and powerful database of performance and value accelerators already embedded within the reference content, any organization can benefit from our proven record and experiences gained from both Best and Leading Practices that our Enterprise Standards are based on.

This makes it easier, less time consuming and much cheaper to apply object descriptions, relations and rules to enable Enterprise Engineering, Enterprise Modelling and Enterprise Architecture across organizational departments, programs and projects.